Author: Jessica Anna Pass
Title: The self in social rejection
Print Length: 132 pages
Language: English, Francais, Italiano, Espanol, Deutsch
Format: PDF, ePub, mobi, azw, kf8, txt, ibook, Kindle
Oftentimes, people seem to live in a world similar to the Matrix: a worldwhere what they see and believe is not a blueprint of reality. People arecreators of their own, sometimes illusionary, perception of themselves and theworld they are living in. So most of us have a natural tendency to evaluateourselves very positively (e.g., Alicke, 1985, Alicke & Govorun, 2005, Brown,1986, or Dunning, Heath, & Suls, 2004, for an overview). We think for examplethat we are better than average drivers (Svenson, 1981), or that we are morekind than others (Goethals, 1986). Ample research has shown that these kindsof positive self-perceptions apply widely, and are particularly robust indomains that are desirable and refer to the self as a benign person (e.g. Allisonet al., 1989, Van Lange, 1991, Van Lange & Sedikides, 1998, Epley & Dunning,2000). As most people believe that they compare favorably relative to others,which is logically impossible because not everyone can be better than theothers, those beliefs have been referred to as being illusionary perceptionsabout the self (Taylor & Brown, 1988). Such positive illusions have beenregarded as one of the most robust of all self-enhancement occurrences (e.g.,Sedikides & Gregg, 2003), and recent research has revealed that peoplehonestly believe their positive perceptions (Williams & Gilovich, in press). Butwhy would people need to evaluate themselves so favorably? Would anobjective evaluation about his qualities and traits not prevent a person fromproblems and disappointments due to falsities in judgments?